02
Mar
09

Causative

CAUSATIVE

» Kalimat yang menyebabkan Objeknya melakukan tindakan

Causative Have & Get

Formula:

Aktif: Subject + have + Object (aktif) + V1 + Object (pasif)

Subject + get + Object (aktif) + to inf. + Object (pasif)

Pasif: Subject + have/get + Object (pasif) + V3

Explanation:

Pada kalimat “Aku menyuruh kakakku memperbaiki sepedaku”

I ask my brother to repair my bike”

Ask yang berarti meminta atau kasarnya “menyuruh” dapat diubah, sehingga kalimatnya menjadi

I have my brother repair my bike”

Atau

I get my brother to repair my bike”.

Jika dipasifkan, maka kalimatnya berubah menjadi “Aku menyuruh sepedaku diperbaiki oleh kakakku”

I have my bike repaired by my brother”

Atau

I get my bike repaired by my brother”.

Namun biasanya hanya ditulis

I have/get my bike repaired”.

Example:

  • “Siti menyuruh Sugito memakan hamburger itu”

A: Siti has Sugito eat the hamburger

Siti gets Sugito to eat the hamburger

P: Siti has/gets the hamburger eaten

(Karena subjectnya Siti, kata have/get diganti has/gets)

  • “Dia akan menyuruh Asep membawakan bukunya”

A: He will have Asep bring his book

He will get Asep to bring the book

P: He will have/gets the book brought

(Walaupun subjectnya he, kata have/get tetap karena sebelumnya ada Modal (Will))

  • “Aku tadi menyuruh adikku belajar matematika”

A: I had my brother study math

I got my brother to study math

P: I had/got math studied by my brother

(Karena Past, kata have/get diganti had/got. Untuk Aktif, Verb-nya tetap V1. Untuk Pasif, Verb-nya tetap V3)

  • ”Ipeh menyuruh orang menyiram bunga-bunganya”

A: Ipeh has someone water her flowers/them

Ipeh gets someone to water them

P: Ipeh has/gets them watered

Causative Let, Make, & Help

Formula:

Let: Subject + let + Pronoun + V1

Make: Subject + make + Pronoun + V1

Help: Subject + help + Pronoun + V1

Subject + help + Pronoun + to inf.

Explanation:

Tanpa melupakan arti dari Causative (kalimat yang menyebabkan Objeknya melakukan tindakan), pada Causative let (membiarkan/membolehkan), make (membuat), & help (membantu) maka yang melakukan adalah Object-nya biasanya Pronoun.

Pada kalimat “Aku membiarkan dia membaca bukuku”

I let her read my book”

Her merupakan Object yang melakukan tindakan.

Untuk Causative Make & Help prinsipnya sama dengan Causative Let. Khusus untuk Causative Help, misal “Aku membantu dia berjalan”

I help her walk

Atau bisa pula

I help her to walk”.

Example:

  • “Ayahku membiarkanku menyetir mobil”

My father lets me drive a car

(Karena subjectnya my father, kata let diganti lets)

  • “Kemalasannya akan membuat aku melakukan tugasnya”

His lazyness will make me do his assignment

(Walaupun subjectnya his lazyness, kata make tetap karena sebelumnya ada Modal (Will))

  • “Pialoko tadi membantu Gunde membetulkan rumah”

Pialoko helped Gunde fix the house

Pialoko helped Gunde to fix the house

(Karena Past, kata help diganti helped. Verb-nya tetap V1)

Gimana?? Sudah paham belum? Coba selesaikan soal-soal di bawah ini untuk mengetes kepahaman kalian, (njawabnya lewat komment ya!)

SPMB 2003

“Where is your car?”

“I …..”

A. have repaired it

B. have it repaired

C. have been repaired it

D. get it repair

E. get it repairing

SPMB 2004

‘Even though he has seen a doctor. I can see that his condition is not improving.’

‘________ a specialist then!’

A. Does he have

B. Isn’t he seein

C. Have him see

D. He has see

E. He too has seen

SPMB 2005

‘How can you determine students’ ability in writing?’

‘For a start, ___ a five-hundred-word essay.’

A. the students write

B. the students are writing

C. have the students to write

D. the students have written

E. have the students write

SPMB 2006

‘What a nuisance! This is the second time that my cell phone isn’t working.’

‘Have you taken it to the service center ___________________?’

A. they will check it for you

B. to have it checked

C. they have to check it

D. you should check it

E. to have to check it

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13 Responses to “Causative”


  1. 24 April 2009 at 5:54 am

    Good post, your post could really help me in my work. Hopefully this will help increase my traffic more. Thanks for sharing.

    • 2 frdckp
      25 May 2009 at 7:02 am

      Thanks and… Of course. 🙂

  2. 1 May 2009 at 10:16 am

    How do you look for information for your blog content?

    • 4 frdckp
      25 May 2009 at 7:01 am

      Why asking?

  3. 20 May 2009 at 11:28 pm

    Hello Sir!
    I never thought I will agree with this opinion, but you know… I agrree partially now.

    • 6 frdckp
      25 May 2009 at 6:09 am

      Thx, , but better if not call me “sir”
      Anw, do you have seen the other one?

  4. 7 uli
    25 August 2009 at 11:02 am

    that is really help me in my study. Do you have book of causative?

    • 8 frdckp
      26 August 2009 at 12:27 am

      Thx for comment, but I’m sorry I don’t have book like that. I’m just write it for my test at that time. (my method for study) hahaha

  5. 9 maybuLh
    27 October 2009 at 7:46 pm

    hmm…
    rangkumannya berguna bgt…
    makasih ya…

    jwbnnya…
    B, C, E, B

    bener ga?

  6. 10 frdckp
    28 October 2009 at 1:20 pm

    Yup, , Sama-sama

    Jawabannya bener. . .he3 Berarti udah lumayan bisa tuh. . .
    Ya bagus deh kalo aku bisa mebantu 🙂

    Oia untuk soal no3 kenapa nggak jawab C??
    Alasannya? He3. Ngetes aja

    • 11 rara
      8 June 2012 at 9:27 pm

      karena yg pake ‘to’ adlh causative get??

  7. 15 March 2012 at 7:51 pm

    Thanks for information
    bisa sedikit membantu tugas saya 🙂

  8. 13 Goeraldino HN
    7 November 2012 at 7:08 pm

    hey sir,,
    how about my answer,,
    B,C,E,B


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