31
Mar
09

CONJUNCTION

CONJUNCTION

» Conjunction adalah kata sambung. Conjunction di bagi 2, yaitu:

1. Co-ordinative Conjunction (COC)

COC digunakan untuk kalimat Induk-Induk (sejenis, sebentuk)

And

Unsur di depan ditambah unsur di belakang (Additive)
My hobby is sleeping and eating

Or

Pilihan di depan atau di belakang (Alternative)
“Do the test seriously or you will fail!”

But (Yet)

Unsur di depan bertentangan dengan unsur di belakang (Contrastive)
Spiders are cute but they are dangerous
  • Yet dianggap COC jika artinya sama dengan But.
  • But yang mempunyai arti Except (Kecuali) bukan merupakan COC. Contoh “No one but I can solve the problem” (Gak ada siapapun kecuali aku yang dapat memecahkan masalah itu)

Split Conjunction/Correlative Conjunction
Both ___ and ___ Keduanya ___ dan ___
Both my father and my mother are in America
Either ___ or ___ Baik ___ ataupun ___
Either the students or tutor laughs in every meeting
Neither ___ nor ___ Tidak ___ ataupun ___
Neither the lecturer nor the students are lazy
Not only ___ but also ___ Tidak hanya ___ tapi juga ___
She has not only theoretical bases but also practical experiences
  • Untuk ‘Either ___ or ___‘ dan ‘Neither ___ nor ___‘ kata kerja atau to be-nya disesuikan dengan subject di belakang or/nor.

2. Sub-ordinative Conjunction (SOC)

SOC digunakan untuk kalimat Induk-Anak, jadi SOC merupakan tanda hadirnya anak kalimat.

Contrast
AlthoughEven though

Though

Assuming that

Conceded that

Granted that

Despite the fact that

In spite the fact that

Not with standing the fact that

Regarded of the fact that

Meskipun, walaupun

+ Klausa (S + V/to be)

DespiteIn spite of

Meskipun, walaupun

Despite the heavy rain, I’ll come

+ Kata/Frase Benda

Where asWhile

Sedangkan

HoweverNevertheless

Yet

But

Still

Namun demikian

Cause
AsFor

Since

Because

Now that

On the ground that

Because of the fact that

Due to the fact that

Karena

+ Klausa (S + V/to be)

Because ofDue to

Karena

She is absent due to her headache

+ Kata/Frase Benda

Condition
IfIf only

In case

Except(ing) that

Whenever

But that

Beyond that

Conceded that

Save(ing) that

Only if

As/so long as

In the event that

Jika, apabila

Otherwise

Jika tidak, sebaliknya

Time
After

Sesudah, setelah

As

Sewaktu, ketika

Once

Sekali

Since

Sejak

Till

Hingga

Until

Hingga

While

Selagi, saat sedang

As/so long as

Selama

Now that

Sudah saatnya

Manner
As

Seperti

As if

Seolah-olah

As though

Seolah-olah

Purpose
ThereforeConsequent by

Hence

Thus

Accordingly

Oleh karena itu

In order that

Agar

+ Klausa (S + V/to be)

In other to

Agar

+ Kata/Frase Benda

Addition
MoreoverFurthermore

In addition

Beside

Lagipula

Place
WhereWherever

Everywhere

Di mana, di manapun

Split SOC
So (adj/adv) that ___ Begitu ___ sehingga ___
Such a (adj + N) that ___ Begitu ___ sehingga ___
Britney Spears is such a beautiful girl that I fall in love with her
As (adj/adv) as ___ Se___
So (adj/adv) as ___ Se___
-er ___ than ___ Lebih ___ daripada ___
More ___ than ___ Lebih ___ daripada ___
Less ___ than ___ Kurang ___ daripada ___

*Yang diberi warna Ungu adalah yang sering dipakai

Gimana?? Sudah paham belum? Coba selesaikan soal-soal di bawah ini untuk mengetes kepahaman kalian, (njawabnya lewat komment ya!)

Untuk menguji kepahaman, jawablah soal dibawah ini:

SPMB 2002
The expensive treatment had been well researched, however, ….
A.it cured the patient effectively
B.it could comfort the patient
C.it was not very effective
D.it made the patient feel well
E.it did not cause discomfort

SPMB 2003
Deni has to take a part-time job during the vacation; … he will not be able to pay his tuition fee.
A.nevertheless
B.otherwise
C.moreover
D.therefore
E.beside

SPMB 2003
Neither her parents nor her brother …. happy about the result of her examination.
A.are
B.were
C.was
D.have been
E.to be

SPMB 2004
Many people in the world are against the construction of nuclear power plants in their neighbourhood for fear of the accidents that may harm their lives: nevertheless, ________
A.governments insist on using nuclear power as alternative energy
B.most recently established stations are closed
C.there is no future for nuclear power industry
D.people still prefer various traditional kinds of energy
E.nuclear energy has many disadvantages over traditional ones

SPMB 2005
This is why sometimes a person who falls into an icy pond is not significantly harmed __________ being warmed up again.
A.as
B.hence
C.while
D.after
E.so that

SPMB 2006
“There is no strict control on the preservation of forests; otherwise, many areas _________________.”
A.would be safe from floods
B.used to be flooded
C.are being flooded
D.were all be flooded
E.cannot be saved from floods

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